The Quran was given to Prophet Muhammad
(pbuh - peace be upon him) over 23 years (13 years whilst he was in Makkah and
10 years while he was in Medinah). The longest chapters are at the beginning of
the Holy Book and the shorter ones at the end of the Quran.
Kids start with memorizing the smaller chapters at the end.
The first chapter is recited in every prayer. It is as important to Muslims as
the Lords prayer is for Christians. It can be translated as follows:
All praise is for God, the Lord of the worlds, The most kind, the most merciful,
Master of the Day of Judgment, You alone we worship and You alone we ask for
Guide us along the straight path,
The path of those whom you rewarded,
not those who earned your anger, nor those who went astray.